Varicose veins form when the venous valves do not close properly, then blood begins to accumulate in the veins, causing them to dilate.
Mention several risk factors for suffering from varicose veins, among these are:
Obesity favors their overload and early failure of the valve system.
Being sedentary does not favor muscle contraction in the lower limbs, this causes blood stagnation and valve overload, which facilitates the appearance of more varicose veins.
Contraceptives cause fluid retention and also specifically promote the failure of the valves of the reticular veins. Hormonal changes throughout the cycle change the morphology of their veins and many of them are clear that, coinciding with the intake. of contraceptives, they began to develop telangiectasias (superficial spider veins).
Personal or family history of deep vein thrombosis
The clinical manifestations are very varied from one person to another and according to the degree of insufficiency presented. The dilations vary depending on whether they are small varicosities (spider veins) or large venous dilations.
In general, four stages can be distinguished in the clinical evolution of varicose veins.
First stage. Superficial dilations appear,
Second stage. Pressure increases in the veins due to dilation. In this stage there is presence of fatigue and heaviness of the legs, pain appears in the ankles and calf. Cramps are frequent; They appear especially at night and are located in the calf area (back of the legs).
Third stage. At this stage we observe a permanent imbalance in the exchange of fluids between the spaces inside and outside the blood vessels, hyperpigmentation of the skin due to hemosiderin deposits is observed, especially in the leg.
Fourth stage. There is already a skin ulcer, these occur more on the inside of the ankle
. But there are routine activities that in some way serve as therapeutic activities such as doing physical exercise and controlled sports activity, using anti-varicose stockings or bandages that compress the leg permanently (medium compression stockings), manual massages are useful, always elevate the legs. Most of all, rest at night. Perform these activities daily and serve as preventive measures and at the same time as treatment for stages I and II.
There is a treatment that omits the surgical procedure, called Sclerofoam, it is a medical procedure used to remove spider veins and varicose veins. Sclerofoam is the application of a direct injection of a liquid sclerosant that, when mixed with air, forms sclerofoam. .
The solution causes irritation in the internal part of the vein, causing it to swell and adhere to its walls, producing a seal. Some time later the vessel turns into fibrous tissue that disappears from sight. Sclerofoam works well for most patients. The numbers are really important, about 50 to 80 percent of injected veins are eliminated with each session
Sclerotherapy is a proven procedure with excellent results and does not require surgery or anesthetic procedure.
If you have any questions about this procedure, you can consult with our scientific director, Dr. Maria Fernanda Benavides, by calling 3124336351 or PBX 2582197