Recombinant enzymes such as lipase, hyaluronidase and collagenase are used to erase scars. These enzymes act in different ways to improve the appearance of such lesions. Do you want to know how they do it? Keep reading.
How do recombinant enzymes work to erase scars?
Next, we explain how these enzymes work:
- Lipase. Lipase is an enzyme that helps break down lipids or fats present in the skin. In the case of hypertrophic or keloid scars, which are characterized by excess scar tissue, lipase can help reduce fat accumulation in the scar and improve its appearance.
- Hyaluronidase. Hyaluronidase is an enzyme that degrades hyaluronic acid, a substance found naturally in the skin that contributes to skin elasticity and hydration. By injecting hyaluronidase into a scar, the goal is to break down the excess hyaluronic acid present in the scar tissue and improve the appearance of the scar.
- Collagenase. Collagenase is an enzyme that breaks down collagen, a key structural protein in the skin. In the case of depressed or atrophic scars, where there is a lack of collagen in the skin, the application of collagenase can help stimulate collagen production and improve the appearance of the scar by promoting tissue regeneration.
It is important to highlight that the use of these recombinant enzymes for the treatment of scars must be carried out by a professional such as Dr. María Fernanda Benavides since an individualized evaluation of each case is required.
Additionally, multiple treatment sessions may be needed and combined with other therapies, such as laser treatments, chemical peels, or dermal fillers, for best results.
What types of scars can be treated with these enzymes?
Lipase, hyaluronidase and collagenase are mainly used to treat specific scars on the skin. The types of scars that can be treated with these enzymes include:
- Hypertrophic scars. They are raised scars that form as a result of excessive collagen production during the wound healing process. Lipase can be used to reduce the excess fat present in these scars, thus improving their appearance.
- Keloid scars. They are more raised and thicker scars than hypertrophic scars, which extend beyond the original area of the wound. Lipase can also be used in the treatment of keloid scars to help reduce their size and improve their appearance.
- Atrophic scars. They are scars that sink into the skin, leaving a depressed or hollow appearance. Collagenase can be used to stimulate collagen production and promote tissue regeneration in depressed scars, thereby improving their overall appearance.
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