Hair loss, known as alopecia, is a condition that affects many women and men today. Which generates self-esteem problems. Are you losing your hair? In this article we tell you what alopecia is, what types exist and how we can help you.
6 types of alopecia and common causes
Alopecia is a common condition that can affect both men and women and can have a significant impact on a person’s physical appearance and self-esteem.
There are several types of alopecia, including the following:
- Androgenetic alopecia.Also known as common baldness or male/female pattern alopecia, it is the most common type of alopecia. It occurs due to genetic predisposition and the influence of sex hormones. In men, it is characterized by gradual hair loss at the temples and on the top of the head, while in women, hair loss is more diffuse on the top of the scalp.
- Alopecia areata. It is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system mistakenly attacks the hair follicles, leading to hair loss in round or oval patches on the scalp or other parts of the body. In some cases, it can progress to cause complete hair loss on the scalp (alopecia totalis) or the entire body (alopecia universalis).
- Traumatic alopecia.It is hair loss caused by excessive pulling, physical damage or trauma to the hair follicles. It can be the result of tight hairstyles, tight braids, excessive use of hot styling tools, burns or skin injuries.
- Diffuse alopecia. In this type of alopecia, there is generalized and non-localized hair loss throughout the scalp. It can be caused by factors such as physical or emotional stress, hormonal imbalances, nutritional deficiencies, systemic diseases, or the use of certain medications.
- Cicatricial alopecia. This type of alopecia occurs when there is permanent damage to the hair follicles and they are replaced by scar tissue. It can be caused by skin diseases, infections, burns, radiation, autoimmune disorders or other inflammatory processes. Hair loss is irreversible in the affected areas.
- Alopecia due to medications. Some medications, such as those used in chemotherapy, can cause temporary or permanent hair loss. Hair loss is a known side effect of these treatments.
It is important to keep in mind that these are just some examples of the different types of alopecia that exist. Each type may have specific causes, characteristics, and treatments.
If you are experiencing hair loss or changes in the health of your hair, it is advisable to seek the opinion of a doctor like Dr. María Fernanda Benavides At Benavides Aesthetic Medicine you will obtain a proper diagnosis and a personalized treatment plan. What are you waiting for to contact us?
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